MOAR HENRY GEORGE.
Ever since the New York Times did laughably dumb thing that we “edumacated people are supposed to pay to consume because….It’s New York! It’s the Times!” #15,021,818 of running various “Nazis aren’t so bad” articles (yeah, this one is the most explicit, but virtually all the let’s understaaaaaand Trumpsters boil down to the same damn thing), a number of people I follow took social media to say they were cancelling their subscription only to get lectured on how the NYT isn’t their “safe space” and “learn to deal with civil society and disagreement”, etc.
I cancelled my subscription to the NYT before it got to “let’s normalize the Nazi” which the NYT defend with “it’s reporting on reality” like somehow, all of us are so damn stupid we thought, prior to the New York Times soppy reporting about Nazi Tony and his girlfriend, that Nazis had horns and tails and only lived in caves in Arkansas.
Why did I cancel? Because here is what I got with the Op-Ed page from the Financial Times over the past few days:
–a piece on the importance and difficulties of the South African presidential election (not great, but still more informative than David Brooks inanities about ham)
–a piece about the ideological wedges appearing even among hard Brexiters, nicely done, by a writer I almost never agree with but at least I don’t feel like just made myself stupider having spent the time to read him (Gideon Rachman)
–Martin Wolf on the stock market correction
–a long piece about how high tech firms are helping fossil fuel companies remain competitive with renewables.
From Le Monde:
#MosqueMeToo : des musulmanes dénoncent des agressions sexuelles subies à La Mecque
(A piece about women coming forward about sexual abuse in their religious communities and the response from leaders)
Afrique du Sud : le centenaire de Mandela, terni par la crise politique
More on the South African presidential election.
I could go on with what I from get from German and Israeli papers, but I think the point is made. Did y’all know Merkel finally pulled together a coalition? I did!
In the run-up to the 2016 election, the dudes at the NYT seemed pretty obsessed with Hillary’s emails, long after I had read my fill of the story for the months of prior coverage.
Then I had to sit through well-intended but often silly commentary from Frank Bruni as he went across the country trying to sell us “Trump voters are complicated, complex human beings with nuanced views on the world” stories that always read like this:
Bruni: It’s important to BJ Cockle that people understand she’s not a racist.
BJ Cockle: I just don’t think it’s right for that Mooslem president to give out free phones to the blacks. And I just don’t think a woman president is a good idea. What about her children?
I just don’t need to pay for that. My forehead and keyboard and can’t withstand any more of that.
To be sure, there are some excellent reporters at the New York Times, reporters at the very, very top of their games doing the best reporting found anywhere.
But those stories get picked up by the AP and I can read them in the LA Times without paying for columnists to write some version this about my beloved home after they spend 30 minutes in a layover at LAX:
Los Angeles, a tiny inconsequential cesspool of traffic and d-list actors, exists in a hopeless cultural vacuum of its own making because it’s not New York, is where people live lives of utter desperation, unlike the love and conviviality experienced on a NY subway, so that Angelenos resemble not so much Americans but the eloi and morlocks of Wells’ dystopian future living today among us. (insert all us’s being impressed by that obscure lit-rary reference!). Do these people even read, yo?
So yeah: I don’t need to pay for this garbage just to find the bits of excellent reporting that remain. I didn’t cancel to protect my delicate widdle political feelers: I canceled because there are better newspapers that help me understand the whole world, treat other countries like their politics and struggles and matter more than David Brooks’ feelings about lunch meat, and where cities other than New York get discussed in terms other than hackneyed navel-gazing.
Where, in other words, I get more for my dollars. Sorry, not sorry. Maybe the Times will come back from the editorial morass it’s gotten itself in, and if so, I’ll be happy to think about putting it back into my media routine. Until then, no.
If the NYT remains worth it to you, good on ya. Read on and subscribe on with my well wishes.
Dear eager young women with your bullet journals in my class–
You are awesome. I can’t wait
Until you are in charge of the world.
Because you will do amazing things.
I love (how organized) you (are).
PS: the dudes in class are pretty wonderful, too.
So predictably, the entire BoyInternet thinks I’m sooooooooo stupid for thinking that value capture could everrrrrrrr happen in California because Prop 13 and doesn’t this stupid woman realize her proposal modifies Prop 13 and JEEEZ WOMAN YOU CAN’T USE SB827 TO CREATE A COMMUNIST STATE YA KNOW. (Because that’s totally an accurate account of what I suggested.)
The only reason y’all got your unders in a bunch is that I’m a woman who has the nerve to suggest that she might have policy ideas that might work better than what THE MENZ have derived. I said over and over again that I support 827, it’s better than nothing, etc. I didn’t go into Prop 13 problems because my value capture post was already long, and it was “wish list” post anyway.
OHHHHHH and then one of my very, very junior co-authors, a dude, tried to lecture me about my “tone.” You are lucky, friend, that I am a nice lady.
Perhaps the most interesting, but frustrating, comments came from the bros who lectured me that “Now is NOT the time to pursue Prop 13 reform…”
Um…..why exactly NOT? And if not now, when, exactly? Who died and left you arbiter of what now is the time for?
I get why Senator Weiner is going for what he thinks is a possible legislative win. I’ve been told he “supports Prop 13 reform.” But apparently not enough to stick his neck out. I get his approach here; he’s a junior legislator who is discovering the lay of the land in Sacramento, and he doesn’t want to overreach.
But I don’t understand why the rest of us are being such conservative little ninnies about it. The Democrats have the assembly, the California Republicans still seem to be in disarray, and THIS HERE GUY IS a “GIVES ZERO FIGS ABOUT RE-ELECTION” GOVERNOR:
When exactly will political conditions be “right” if not right about now? Californians elect themselves a Republican governor with unfortunate regularity, and we could have one quite soon. At some point, California Republicans are going to get themselves organized again. At least two of our likeliest D candidates for guv’nor are going to be running for President from the California governor’s mansion (do we have one? I’ve never checked) if elected, and the last thing they want to be associated with is a tax change.
Proposition 13 is a policy that undermines every single gain we make in environmental policy and land use reform, and this includes SB827.
Imagine you have a bucket of good policy results…and as you pass more good policies…that bucket starts to fill up. But alas, there’s a pretty big hole in that bucket that diminishes the ability of each and every good policy change, like SB827, to deliver what we need it to.
That big hole is Prop 13. We’d be better off phasing it out even if we chose a really long timeline, like 30 years, to soften the blow to individual homeowners.
As long as Californians expect to get rich from their housing, our infill strategies are going to be both a) a struggle and b) less impactful than they could be.
And perhaps most of all in transit value capture: y’all infill advocates TAKE TRANSIT FOR GRANTED IN WAYS YOU SHOULD NOT. Transit agencies across the United States are in, for all practical purposes, worse financial shape then they have been in for quite some time. For all our Measures M and R, all we do when we expand these systems is put Metro on the hook for operating service that loses money with every vehicle they put on the road.
And yes, while our new investments are supposed to yield us new patrons, even New York does not have enough passengers to clear their costs. If they can’t with their passenger loads, it’s good evidence that the rest of us US systems aren’t going to, either.
Y’all just assume that T in your TOD is going to be there, operating, for when all the new families come to move into your infill. Well, ok, but the T in the TOD right now is not providing service that is good enough to really change the game, and it won’t get there if we can’t increase frequencies across the board. That takes money, and we don’t have it. And we don’t have a lot of choices for getting it.
All of the major metros where we want TOD already have relatively high sale tax burdens, so that way may be closed off to us. We can’t keep pouring money into capital improvements and getting tiny margins back unless something changes about how we fund transit.
So yeah, part of my rationale behind a land value tax reform via value capture is that it’s way more just, and it gets rid of a dumb policy that hamstrings everything in California from our schools to our climate policies.
But the other reason for value capture is that as a transit policy person, I WANT THE MONEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEY FOR TRANSIT. The rest of y’all should, too.
We’ve kicked the can down the road far too long on both transit finance and reforming Prop 13. We should do as much as we can to dismantle the latter whenever we have political opportunities to try it. IF IT’S JUST IMPOSSIBLE to recoup value from land around stations, then help me figure something else out that isn’t a sales tax.
Should Weiner be the one taking the political risk? That’s his lookout; he seems to know the score.
But SOMEBODY has to, and we should be thinking about exactly when Prop 13 reform happens, and that has to be a better answer than “after the apocalypse when we’ve devolved to cannibalistic tribes grilling our peers over bonfires on the centerline of the 405”–also known as “not now” and “later.”
The “takes the cake” response to yesterday’s post is this one:
This is “Shut up, bitch” politics 101. Lisa, you are speaking about the wrong things in the wrong way. Lemme splain how you best participate in policy, lil lady.
Holy crap, what’s it like to get up in the morning assuming you are entitled to tell a woman as accomplished and as intelligent as I am what I may say and how to say it?
Look, nobody is out to ruin SB827. I’m glad you think I’m that important, but um, no.
I had what I consider to be an important point to make about how difficult policy design is when it comes to really getting money and benefits to flow into the hands of impoverished renters. And how, if policymakers are not really, really careful, the policy process works to screw over poor people even that’s the last thing people crafting and advocating for a policy intend. These problems apply to SB827.
So let’s get this through some heads: I have more than earned the right to write about urban policy even if my every blog post isn’t a perfect roadmap that spoonfeeds people policy solutions. I’m not a free consultant.The material on this blog is offered without charge and without advertising; the public does not pay my salary even since I work at private university.
Here’s how you respond if you don’t agree with my point. “Hey, I don’t think you’re right on this one. I think Weiner & Co really has a handle on it.”
Ta-da! Disagreement that treats me like an equal instead of misguided girl speaking when she should be spoken to.
So I could write a white paper, but it would be a little redundant because Henry George already wrote the book in 1879: Progress and Poverty. You can read it all here.
If 18th century prose is not to your taste (understandably), some super-smart UCLA professors spelled it out in the LA Times Op-Ed page not that long ago (July 2017, actually). It was circulated widely and is generally approved of by all the very smart people who splain things to me. What to do is *right there* spelled out in 750 words.
We have been talking about value capture strategies around train stations in California since Christ was a carpenter. At least since I was in grad school, which was right after the Lincoln assassination.
You want loose supply? We can give you looser supply! It would just be nice if the regulatory change and transit investment combo weren’t just windfalls to landowners here, and we could split the nice land value bumps that SB827 will bring between developers and governments so that government could use its damn power to boost the purchasing power of poor people for housing instead of just lobbing softball economic gains to landowners who already have lots.
I have no heartburn when developers develop developments and make money. That’s their job!
But pointing out when public policy is doing dumb, unfair things is, in fact, my job.
Thus I do have heartburn when in Los Angeles alone we are spending billions and billions of dollars to make places extra-nice and extra-profitable to develop with public investments in transit (let alone HSR) with taxpayers recouping fractions of what we put in because of the way we deal with property taxation in this state.
Value capture as a strategy goes like this:
1. Governments build wonderful amenities like train stations that add value, often gobs, to land–value that landowners get even though they themselves have not done really anything to earn it, such as by actually improving the property themselves. We spent $900 mill on the Expo Line alone. It’s a lovely train! It has made land more valuable along Expo. Let’s get part of that $900 million back! When we upzone in high land value areas like Santa Monica, we can recoup some of our investment. Whee!
2. Value capture is just what it sounds like: governments capture either all or part of the value of the publicimprovement in the land value (but the not the property value) so that developers can still improve the property (and still gain on their investments), but the government recoups some revenue from the investment it has made that got capitalized in the value of the land.
When we do not do that, our public investments in things like transit—especially when combined with nice plans for allowing more intensive land development, like SB827, near transit—become nice, multi-billon dollar windfalls for landowners.
A great, big, fat hand-out of unearned land value windfall.
But, where, o where, could we ever find revenues to expand renter support programs, like vouchers, for California renters? There’s just no money anywhere!e
Yeah, there’s money there, it’s just going to private landowners. Again and again and again and again. We’ve done it with all our metro rail systems, and we will race to do another nice land value giveaway with high speed rail, too.
So the cycle goes something like this: California public policy makes owning land a cash machine for owners, and then we get mad at people for having entrenched interests in their property values, since our policies do not distinguish between land value and building value.
SOOOOOOoo is there any info on the value capture strategy of which you speak?
Yes! Yes there is! It has been bigily studied and described! It’s been implemented I places. It’s been evaluated.
There’s this discussion The Man Himself David Levinson writing for CityLab.
This cool study on TOD Value Capture in Massachusetts.
This fantastic report from the Lincoln Land Institute. That has a GREAT submission from Mr. Windfalls for Wipeouts Himself, Dean J. Misczynski, who fist published (brilliantly) about this particular topic in 1978.
From FHWA here.
OH BOY OH BOY IT’S GOT ITS OWN WIKIPEDIA PAGE!! (A little light; David L, go fix it. )
So may I skip the white paper, boss?
Here’s the specific fix, spelled out:
Since we are with BS827 setting up special districts around transit stations anyway, we should set up them up special assessment districts, use the transit-value and up-zone value in land appreciation to derive revenues to put into a fund for: a) rental vouchers; b) school districts with new student need from the new developments and c) transit operations and support. Stations are expensive. They should be far more self-financing than they are. This is one way to do it.
I assume that Senator Weiner has smart legislative staffers who know what value capture is. That it’s not in this legislation, explicitly right now instead of TBD, says something to me, and I don’t like what it says. It says to me our legislature is going to let the value capture ship sail away on us–again–and with it revenues the state or localities could have had to do nice things.
If you don’t like that I don’t like SB827 with these provisions, in the words of Steve Martin: Welll exchuuuuuuuuuuuse me.
Now THAT cat is out of the bag, let me repeat my point from yesterday, which is about the policy process, and NOT about Weiner, YIMBYs, or any specific policy, which I am going to repeat because if the value capture part of this wasn’t obvious to you before I spelled it out, then you are NOT enough of an expert on the policy process and injustice to tell me what I may and may not post in the name of appropriateness.
When you treat the concerns of impoverished people in the “TBD” category of legislation, like so:
It is very likely that the sausage factory will leave their concerns on the curb, even if your nice, well-intended, progressive bill writer says that won’t happen. Individuals don’t control politics enough for their “I’ve got this” to be a bankable claim.
If you pass the supply components of this rule without value capture (to happen “later”) and without a commitment of those funds for specific people (not general funds), you lose leverage over development (that’s the point, fine, but don’t give away the store), and you set the stage for fighting over affordable units project by project (again, with less leverage, so it’s a both headache for citied and developers AND less effective), instead of a) capturing the value we are due and b) just letting market rates fall where they fall andthen c) using captured revenues to provide income support directly for renters who can’t pay market rates without subsidy. Yes, landlords are likely to capture that increment in rent, but the renter gets to be housed in the process, which I thought was the point here, so I’m in.
And you don’t have to futz with rent control.
And, btw, landowners near stations will have much less incentive to convert their properties if we don’t do value capture on land appreciation, so the policy also has a strong efficiency argument.
Nope, it’s not an easy fix. Landowners love the sugar they get. But they shouldn’t get as much as they do, and they shouldn’t get it at the expense of their neighbors who have contributed to the sale taxes and gas taxes that went into building the transit in the first place if those same neighbors are not making enough $$$$ to be able to stay near transit without income support.
And it would help if Americans didn’t purposefully suck at public housing.
That’s what I’d fix.
Or are there short-term rental protections in the bill, and I’m just missing them?
This post is going to result in 700-tweet long shitposting threads about how I’m a bad person. But I have to say what I need to say here.
SB827, even though I support it, currently fits into the pattern of a long line of progressive legislation and urban policy/planning that goes part way along a progressive agenda, on the parts of the agenda that lots of people like, and then never really gets to the part of the agenda where benefits go directly to poor people. There are hard, institutional reasons why not, but that doesn’t obviate the responsibilities that progressives who support this thing have to deliver on what they have said about protecting renters in the months since Measure S.
Partial strategies, which are political meat and potatoes, are how policy rolls, even ostensibly progressive ones: legislation crafts a part of the agenda–the part that developers and planners both like, like the infill supply and upzoning part–but not any part of the agenda that is meant to specifically protect and support black, brown, and poor renters. That part always seems to be “phase II” or “next up” or in the “trickle down” or in the “filtering” stages of the plans. And it never happens–or it takes a very long time to happen– because at least one part of the coalition that is in the coalition to push for new real estate opportunities–developers and development interests–is ready to move on to new political fights because they see protecting poor people as secondary or something the market can handle or something that isn’t their lookout. This is how race and class privilege get baked into policy.
Legislative effort can trickle away so quickly that you don’t even notice that what you hoped to do for those who are most vulnerable can evaporate before you realize it.
We hear again and again that cities and state governments “can’t afford” to intervene in rental supports. “It’s too expensive.” And so we (again) turn to a one-sided strategy of thinking private land development will solve problems (again), and it will undoubtedly solve some people’s problems (yay) but it won’t do so for those who are very needy (again).
It never has.
At some point, it’s not enough to espouse the right values. Saying that “serious housing supply advocates also support progressive rental policies” does a nice job of communicating that you, individually, care, which is nice, and it wins the high ground on social media after all the criticism leveled at supply-side advocates, but that care, high ground, and $1.75 gets you a ride on the bus and impoverished renters diddly if their short-term, right-now concerns get glossed over or put off until “next time” in our legislative battles.
I support SB827, but I don’t expect much from it other than what I’ve seen planning and urban policy do over and over again for development and not for poor people. I love the energy and excitement of young people interested in urbanism who see SB827 as “transformative.” It is–it’s a big step for the infill agenda. But in other ways, it’s business as usual: Henri Lefebvre pointed out over the course of a very distinguished career, planning is a means to stabilize urban politics and conflicts over development for capitalist development. That’s what we are doing with SB287, even though lots of people are doing so for the best intentions.
I’d love people to prove me wrong here. But not with Twitter shouting–with finding ways to make good on the progressive promise.
Edited–I originally posted SB287 which is the sort of thing that happens to one when posting at 4:30 in the morning. Thanks to Greg Morrow for pointing it out so I could fix it.
Protected bike lanes are good for motorists because they prevent motorists from killing other human beings, FFS, I can’t believe this has to be said what is wrong with you people were you raised by hyenas?